Earth Science deals with the study of every facet of our planet Earth.
We are living in an era where the Earth and its inhabitants are facing challenges. As a result of human activity, our climate is changing too. Specialists in Earth Sciences combat such imbalances and changes, and provide counter-acting solutions – they are constantly challenged to identify new sources and develop alternate sources of energy, metals and minerals, as it is a well-known fact that our existing natural resources are depleting and need to be conserved; they also determine how the human population can live and avoid natural calamities such as landslides, floods, seismic/ volcanic activity, and tornadoes.
If you are thinking of getting an earth science degree, why not pursue it abroad, where you will be exposed to many on-the-job opportunities and will be able to specialize in the stream of your choice? To make life easy for you, Hotcourses India has listed a number of well-known educational institutions from the USA, the UK and Australia, which offer earth science degrees.
Most earth science degrees offered abroad concentrate on these core subjects - geology, meteorology, oceanography and astronomy. Some universities have all-inclusive Earth Science programmes, while others offer specific training in earth science subjects. For the specific training, you will also need to undertake challenging courses such as biology, chemistry, physics and math. In a typical earth science programme abroad, you will be educated about the various interactions between our human species and the world, inclusive of both living and non-living organisms; sustainability; and conservation of the Earth. Most courses have work components, enabling you to gather practical experience and in the process, equip you with knowledge to improve the quality of human life and design methods to protect the planet.
Earth Sciences also opens explore myriad career options. If the natures of volcanoes or earthquakes fascinate you, you can become a volcanologist or a seismologist. If you feel strongly about ‘going green’ and sheltering Mother Earth, then, maybe an environmental geologist is just the role for you! Sometimes the prehistoric era can capture your curiosity – palaeontologists study fossils to learn about life in bygone times. Hydrogeologists and oceanographers deal with the study of sub-surface water and anything to do with the oceans, respectively. Perhapsyou want to learn about mineral forms with their uses, or the physical properties of rocks in depth – why not focus your efforts towards becoming a mineralogist or petrologist? The study and discovery of oil and natural gas resources is primarily dealt with by petroleum scientists. Generally, both private industries and governmental bodies are always in need of qualified earth science graduates. Writing, teaching and research positions can be explored.
As a career option, you do not have to restrict yourself to lab work and research, but can also pursue political activism such as lobbying, and implementation and development of Earth-friendly laws and legislations. If you have a law degree which complements your earth science qualification, you can become an environmental lawyer, seeking to redress issues related to negative consequences on Earth.
Earth science is an avenue which is interesting and offers so much scope for exploration... after all Mother Earth is evolving every day.