Hydraulic engineer is the man behind the flow and conveyance of fluids, mainly water and sewage. They play a major role during the construction and design of bridges, dams, channels, canals and sanitary related construction. Hydraulic engineers are the ones who apply fluid mechanics principles. They help to solve major problems related to collection of fluids, storage, transport and use of water. The hydraulic engineer is the brain behind the conceptual designs of any construction that interacts with water such as outlet works for dams, culverts for highways, canals and related structures for irrigation projects, and cooling-water facilities for thermal power plants. They also have to be involved in construction and maintenance of the buildings such as roads, railroads, airports, bridges, harbors, channels, dams, irrigation projects, pipelines and power plants.
Work environment for Hydraulic Engineer
The hydraulic engineer has to analyze and study reports, maps, blueprints, aerial photography and the topographical and geological data in order to plan the projects and the construction work. It is the engineer who will be in a position to give the exact cost involved for the project. They also provide the much needed technical advice to give a better finish to the projects. Hydraulic engineers plan the projects and gauge the water flow and stress factors that will have an impact on the project.
What to study to become a Hydraulic Engineer?
Hydraulic engineering comes under the umbrella of civil engineers so most of the degrees related to civil engineering will be an ideal option for students who want to take up hydraulic engineering. Some of the courses which the students can opt for civil engineering or construction engineering or geotechnical and geoenvironmental engineering or structural engineering. Alabama A&M University, University of Toledo and Arizona State University are some of the top universities which offer programs in the above mentioned courses.
Career options for Hydraulic Engineers
You can opt to a specialist engineer with the wider range of being a hydraulic engineer. You can specialize in just construction of bridges or rail roads or so on.
Once you complete your specialization you can join a construction company or work as an assistant to an established hydraulic engineer. The annual remuneration will be around $82,240.
Check for Hydraulic engineering courses here.