Vocational and career-based education is gaining great importance today, with many employers expecting new employees to be equipped for the work place, right out of study. Vocational and career-based courses are typically more practical and skills-based than academic degrees, but are often taught at universities, colleges and technical institutes. They are usually designed in collaboration with employers to meet labour market needs.
If you know exactly what you want to do in your career and it requires set skills, then vocational learning is important. It could be in various fields such as hospitality and tourism, retail management, software development or interior design.
To be eligible for a vocational and career management course abroad, Indian students should have successfully completed the Indian High School/Secondary School Examination.
The international vocational and career-based course could be a Certificate, Diploma or Advanced Diploma. Some vocational courses can also lead into an undergraduate degree or further post-graduate study depending on the course and the study destination.
Hotcourses India provides you with information about the various vocational and career-based courses offered by leading educational institutions in the UK, USA, Australia, Singapore, Malaysia and New Zealand. Other study destinations slowly catching on among Indian students are Ireland, Sweden and the Netherlands.
In Australia, vocational education and training is mostly post-secondary and provided through the Vocational Education and Training (VET) system by registered training organizations. This system encompasses both public, TAFE and private providers in a national training framework, consisting of the Australian Quality Training Framework, Australian Qualifications Framework and Industry Training Packages.
Australia’s VET system includes both apprenticeships in traditional trades and traineeships in other more service-oriented occupations. Apprenticeships typically last three to four years, while traineeships for only one to two years. Apprentices and trainees receive a wage, which increases as they progress. Australia is famous for providing vocational and career-based education in areas such as equine studies, winemaking and viticulture, aquaculture, information technology, music, illustration, beauty therapy and culinary management.
In New Zealand, Technical, Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) has an important role in imparting skills training for employment and encouraging entrepreneurship. TVET is offered by Institutes of Technology and Polytechnics (ITPs), Private Training Establishments (PTEs),Industry Training Organisations (ITOs) and Wänangas in subjects ranging from agriculture and horticulture, art and design, business to real estate, quality assurance and social work.
If you enroll in a vocational and career-based course in the UK, you will find yourself working on projects with other students, assessed through practical demonstrations or spending time in the college library to prepare for essays and exams. Experienced faculty will guide and help you to develop a strong network of industry contacts, thereby, providing you with potential employers. The main motive of vocational courses is to impart advanced training in a college atmosphere so that a simulation is created and students adapt seamlessly into their work environment.
UK career-based courses have sandwich industry placements, providing an insight into real working practices. UK’s BTEC National Certificates and Diplomas are one and two-year courses respectively in career-related subjects such as e-business, engineering, art and design, media, performing arts, agriculture, applied science, computing, and health and social care. They are ideal for students hoping to progress to a career at supervisory or technician levels, and also provide a foundation for higher education courses in the same subject area.
Vocational and career-based education, also termed Career and Technical Education (CTE) in the United States, is in transition. The country is shifting from a manufacturing-based economy to one that overwhelmingly provides services and information. Vocational programmes that prepare students for manufacturing jobs include trade and industry areas such as construction, mechanics and repair, precision production, and transportation. They also prepare students for jobs in the services and information industries including fields such as health care, technology and communication.
With career options set to expand further in the 21st century, an international vocational career-based qualification equips you with a niche skill set, rendering you very attractive to the global employment market.