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What will I learn?

In the design of the democratic Rechtsstaat, public law and public trust are strongly interconnected. In this model, government can only be effective if citizens trust government institutions. Citizens will trust their government if they can participate in political decision-making through elected representative bodies and if the way governments decisions are made, executed and monitored are bound by clear and explicit rules.

Since both these aspects are governed by public law, the content and quality of public law are thought to be crucial for creating and maintaining public trust, both in relation to the government vis-à-vis its citizens and in relation to different bodies and various levels of government itself. Trust generating attributes might be found in, for example, public law with regard to political decision-making and the role of political parties; legal principles about public regulation; legal procedures in public law; state structures; and public control and supervision arrangements.


However, in recent years faith in the model sketched above has become less self-evident. First, globalization has amplified the importance of international and European law, to the detriment of the traditional legal authority of the nation-state. More and more, national public law has to make way for European public law. Second, corporations and other private actors have become increasingly important for the regulation of public interests. In many areas, this has led to a shift from (public) government to (private) governance. Finally, there have also been important changes in the views and attitudes of the general public. As a result of the social process of ‘emancipation’, many citizens no longer automatically accept the authority of government nor put one’s trust in public agencies.

Public debate

Because of these three developments, the legitimacy of governments and that of the courts and other public institutions has gradually become a subject of public debate. While some public opinion polls and reports in the media claim that we are witnessing a ‘crisis of confidence’, others emphasize that compared to other countries in Western-Europe public trust in the Netherlands is still quite high.


The programme focuses on the relation between public trust and public law in five different areas:

  1. political decision-making
  2. regulation
  3. procedural justice
  4. state structures
  5. public enforcement and supervision

This is a multidisciplinary research programme, which involves both several (sub) fields of national and international public law and several social sciences. Researchers participating in the programme are active in the following academic disciplines: (Dutch and European) administrative law, constitutional law, public order law, legal philosophy, political science, public administration and sociology of law.

Which department am I in?

Faculty of Law

Study options

Full Time (3 - 4 years)

Tuition fees
Information not available
Start date

Expected August, September 2022


University of Groningen

Broerstraat 5,


9712 CP, Netherlands

Entry requirements

For students from United States

Applicants must have Research Master degree or equivalent. Applicants with other research master degrees will be considered if sufficiently related to the research programme; Fluent in English (written and spoken).

For international students

Possession of a Master’s degree or equivalent in a discipline that is directly or closely related to the discipline in which the PhD research will take place. The degree must have been gained within a reasonable period of time and with marks that justify the expectation that you will be able to complete the PhD programme.

The minimum criteria that are required for IELTS or TOEFL are:

IELTS: a score of > 7.0, all section scores should at least be 6.5 plus a writing score of at least 7.0

TOEFL: a score of > 100, all section scores should at least be 23 plus a writing score of at least 25

*There may be different IELTS requirements depending on your chosen course.


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