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What will I learn?

Students participating in the PhD program must have a strong commitment to research. The Language and Literacies Education (LLE) program offers both full-time and flexible-time PhD options. Degree requirements for the full-time and flexible-time options are the same. Applicants must declare their preferred option when applying.

Program Requirements

Coursework. Students must complete 3.5 to 4.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) depending on previous experience and academic qualifications, as follows:

A minimum of 2.0 FCEs within the LLE program, including CTL 3001H Research Colloquium in Language and Literacies Education (0.5 FCE) and CTL 3899H Proseminar in Language and Literacies Education (0.5 FCE), if not previously taken at the master's level. If CTL 3001H or CTL 3899H was taken at the master's level, students are not permitted to take it again and should substitute it with another LLE program course (0.5 FCE).

A research methods course relevant to the topic of the thesis (0.5 FCE). Any of the following courses can fulfil this requirement: CTL 1018H, CTL 1041H, CTL 1306H, CTL 1810H, CTL 1842H, CTL 3019H, CTL 3033H, CTL 3800H, ​CTL 3807H, CTL 3810H, APD 1296H, APD 3202H, APD 3228H, JOI 1287H, JOI 1288H, or ​SJE 1905H.

A student wishing to propose an alternative course to fulfil one of the LLE course requirements must obtain the approval of the LLE program coordinator and either their faculty advisor or thesis supervisor.

Comprehensive examination.

A thesis embodying the results of an original investigation, and a Doctoral Final Oral Examination on the content and implications of the thesis.

Students are responsible for meeting deadlines to complete their course requirements, thesis committee formation, comprehensive examination, and thesis ethical review.

Full-time PhD students must maintain full-time status throughout their program of study.

PhD Program (Flexible-Time)

Program Requirements

Coursework. Students must complete 3.5 to 4.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) depending on previous experience and academic qualifications, as follows:

A minimum of 2.0 FCEs within the LLE program, including CTL 3001H Research Colloquium in Language and Literacies Education (0.5 FCE), if not previously taken at the master's level. If CTL 3001H was taken at the master's level, students are not permitted to take it again and should substitute it with another LLE program course (0.5 FCE).

CTL 3899H Proseminar in Language and Literacies Education (0.5 FCE), if not previously taken at the master's level. If CTL 3899H was taken at the master's level, students are not permitted to take it again and should substitute it with another LLE program course (0.5 FCE).

A research methods course relevant to the topic of the thesis (0.5 FCE). Any of the following courses can fulfil this requirement: CTL 1018H, CTL 1041H, CTL 1306H, CTL 1810H, CTL 1842H, CTL 3019H, CTL 3033H, CTL 3800H, CTL 3807H, CTL 3810H, APD 1296H, APD 3202H, APD 3228H, JOI 1287H, JOI 1288H, or ​SJE 1905H.

Which department am I in?

School of Graduate Studies

Study options

Full Time (6 years)

Tuition fees
CAD$6,210.00 (US$ 4,859) per year
Start date

September 2021

Venue

University of Toronto

St. George Campus,

27 King's College Circle,

TORONTO,

Ontario (ON),

M5S 1A1, Canada

Entry requirements

For students from United States

Applicants can admit directly to the doctoral program from a bachelor's degree for highly qualified candidates (minimum average A- required) in some departments. Other English Language Requirements: TOEFL Paper-based Test Overall Score: 580, TWE: 4; Michigan English Language Assessment Battery (MELAB) score of 85, with no part score below 80; Cambridge English Proficiency/Certificate of Proficiency in English (CPE): 76 (with at least 22 in each component and 32 in the writing component).

For international students

An appropriate master's degree with a grade equivalent to a University of Toronto B+ or better from a recognized university is required.

International English Language Testing System (IELTS): The minimum requirement is an overall band of 6.5, with no band below 6.0.

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL): The minimum scores required for the different TOEFL tests are:

Internet-based Test:

Minimum Requirement: total score of 100 + 22 on Writing

Discretionary Range: total score 89-99 +19 - 21 on Writing

Cambridge Assessment English C1: Advanced or C2: Proficiency: A minimum overall score of 180, with at least 170 in each component.

Canadian Academic English Language Assessment (CAEL): The minimum score required to meet our English facility requirement is an overall score of 70 and no part below 60.

Canadian Test of English for Scholars and Trainees (CanTEST): The minimum requirement is a total score of 4.5, and no part below 4.

*There may be different IELTS requirements depending on your chosen course.

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