COVID-19 update: This course will start online and continue on campus later. Read more

What will I learn?

The disciplines of ecology and evolutionary biology involve complementary perspectives on biological systems. Individual and collaborative research within the department covers the range of both disciplines and often involves study and synthesis across multiple levels of organization. Professors’ research interests include anatomy/physiology, behavior, behavior genetics, bioinformatics, community/population/ecosystem/landscape/evolutionary ecology, conservation biology, developmental biology, genetics/genomics, microbiology, molecular evolution, plant biology, taxonomy/systematic, and theoretical biology. Professors who supervise graduate students are located on all three campuses of the University (St. George, Mississauga, Scarborough) as well as at the Royal Ontario Museum.

The graduate program starts each year in September, though it is possible to start the program in January or May in some circumstances.

Which department am I in?

Faculty of Arts and Science

Study options

Full Time (4 years)

Tuition fees
CAD$6,210.00 (US$ 4,859) per year
Start date

Expected September 2021


University of Toronto

St. George Campus,

27 King's College Circle,


Ontario (ON),

M5S 1A1, Canada

Entry requirements

For students from United States

Applicants can admit directly to the doctoral program from a bachelor's degree for highly qualified candidates (minimum average A- required) in some departments. Other English Language Requirements: TOEFL Paper-based Test Overall Score: 580, TWE: 4; Michigan English Language Assessment Battery (MELAB) score of 85, with no part score below 80; Cambridge English Proficiency/Certificate of Proficiency in English (CPE): 76 (with at least 22 in each component and 32 in the writing component).

For international students

Applicants may be accepted who already hold an MSc degree from a recognized university with a grade average equivalent to at least a University of Toronto A– during the MSc and an average of at least B+ in the last year of the bachelor's program.

International English Language Testing System (IELTS): The minimum requirement is an overall band of 6.5, with no band below 6.0.

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL): The minimum scores required for the different TOEFL tests are:

Internet-based Test:

Minimum Requirement: total score of 100 + 22 on Writing

Discretionary Range: total score 89-99 +19 - 21 on Writing

Cambridge Assessment English C1: Advanced or C2: Proficiency: A minimum overall score of 180, with at least 170 in each component.

Canadian Academic English Language Assessment (CAEL): The minimum score required to meet our English facility requirement is an overall score of 70 and no part below 60.

Canadian Test of English for Scholars and Trainees (CanTEST): The minimum requirement is a total score of 4.5, and no part below 4.

*There may be different IELTS requirements depending on your chosen course.