COVID-19 update: This course will start online and continue on campus later. Read more

What will I learn?

The PhD degree is an advanced research degree intended to reflect a level of training consistent with the ability of the candidate to function as an independent research scientist. This involves successful completion of course work reflecting a knowledge of modern immunology, as well as a demonstrated ability to carry out research of publishable quality. To qualify for the degree each candidate must successfully achieve candidacy, submit a satisfactory thesis based on his/her original research, and successfully defend it in a Final Oral Examination. The PhD thesis should contain a body of original research roughly corresponding in quantity to that which would be appropriate for two or three publications in a recognized refereed journal. Normally, at least one of these manuscripts should have been accepted for publication at the time of the exam.

Course Requirements

The Department requires students to complete

IMM1000Y (Recent Advances in Immunology) - Previously IMM1016Y

IMM2025H (Student Seminar Series II)

IMM2050H (Easton Seminar Series II)

IMM2075H (Special Topics in Immunology II) - Previously IMM2100H

IMM 2025H, 2050H, and 2075H continue throughout the student's Ph.D. program until completed.

Which department am I in?

School of Graduate Studies

Study options

Full Time (5 years)

Tuition fees
CAD$6,210.00 (US$ 4,880) per year
Start date

Expected September 2021


University of Toronto

St. George Campus,

27 King's College Circle,


Ontario (ON),

M5S 1A1, Canada

Entry requirements

For students from United States

Applicants must have an appropriate master's degree, or its equivalent, with an average of at least B+ or demonstrated comparable research competence. Other English Language Requirements: TOEFL Paper-based Test Overall Score: 580, TWE: 4; Michigan English Language Assessment Battery (MELAB) score of 85, with no part score below 80; Cambridge English Proficiency/Certificate of Proficiency in English (CPE): 76 (with at least 22 in each component and 32 in the writing component).

For international students

Students with outstanding undergraduate records are encouraged to enter the PhD program directly. Students entering via this route undergo a qualifying exam within 18-24 months of initiating their program. Additionally, the Admissions Committee may choose to offer direct entry into the PhD program to highly-qualified applicants who have applied to the MSc program. Students admitted to the direct entry PhD may choose to graduate with an MSc after two years of study, rather than continuing in the PhD program.

International English Language Testing System (IELTS): The minimum requirement is an overall band of 6.5, with no band below 6.0.

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL): The minimum scores required for the different TOEFL tests are:

Internet-based Test:

Minimum Requirement: total score of 100 + 22 on Writing

Discretionary Range: total score 89-99 +19 - 21 on Writing

Cambridge Assessment English C1: Advanced or C2: Proficiency: A minimum overall score of 180, with at least 170 in each component.

Canadian Academic English Language Assessment (CAEL): The minimum score required to meet our English facility requirement is an overall score of 70 and no part below 60.

Canadian Test of English for Scholars and Trainees (CanTEST): The minimum requirement is a total score of 4.5, and no part below 4.

*There may be different IELTS requirements depending on your chosen course.