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What will I learn?

The PhD program emphasizes the development of analytical technologies, the application of basic research techniques in biochemistry, cell biology, clinical biochemistry, experimental pathology, genetics, immunology, and molecular biology to the study of mechanisms of cell and tissue injury and the pathogenesis of disease. The program also emphasizes the nature, mechanisms, therapy, and prevention of microbial diseases in humans, as well as the processes by which pathogenic microbes are spread.

Applicants may enter the PhD program via one of three routes: 1) following completion of an MSc degree; 2) transfer from the University of Toronto MSc program; or 3) direct entry following completion of a BSc degree.

Program Requirements

Coursework. Students must complete 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

Students must enrol and participate in a credit/no-credit course, LMP 1001Y Graduate Seminars in Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology (1.0 FCE), which must be taken throughout the program. Students must present at least twice in LMP 1001Y prior to defending their thesis.

Students must attend the LMP Monday Seminar Series, a weekly departmental guest lecture series that immediately follows the student seminar course LMP 1001Y.

Students who have not previously completed LMP 1404H Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Disease (0.5 FCE) or an approved equivalent are required to take this course in Year 1 of their PhD program. The student's advisory committee may recommend additional courses. Students exempted from LMP 1404H take an approved departmental half course (0.5 FCE) as a substitute.

Three half-course equivalents (1.5 FCEs), of which at least one half course is from Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology. Exception: students having completed the undergraduate Pathobiology Specialist Program (or equivalent) are required to take only two additional half courses (0.5 FCe).

Coursework should be completed in the first two years of the program, the continuing seminar course excepted. The latter half of the program is focused on research.

Students who take additional graduate courses during the MSc program and who continue their graduate studies in the PhD program may request a transfer credit up to one full-course towards doctoral course requirements. Credit for courses must be approved by the Graduate Coordinator; certain restrictions may apply.

Prior to the start of Year 3, the advisory committee may recommend that a PhD student transfer to the MSc program. The student may also request the transfer.

The PhD thesis is completed under the direction of the candidate's supervisor, assisted by the advisory committee. The candidate normally defends the thesis before a departmental committee, and subsequently before a committee approved by the School of Graduate Studies. Candidates may, with the recommendation of their advisory committee, request a waiver of the departmental defence, subject to approval by the Graduate Coordinator.

The PhD thesis must demonstrate a substantial contribution to laboratory medicine and pathobiology, involving a systematic investigation of disease-related hypotheses. The emphasis is on quality of the science and its presentation. The PhD thesis is normally expected to yield the equivalent of three publications in refereed scientific journals.

Residence. Students must be on campus and participating for the duration of their registration in the program.

Which department am I in?

Faculty of Medicine

Study options

Full Time (4 years)

Tuition fees
CAD$6,210.00 (US$ 4,867) per year
Start date

Expected September 2021

Venue

University of Toronto

St. George Campus,

27 King's College Circle,

TORONTO,

Ontario (ON),

M5S 1A1, Canada

Entry requirements

For students from United States

Applicants must have an appropriate master's degree, or its equivalent, with an average of at least B+ or demonstrated comparable research competence. Other English Language Requirements: TOEFL Paper-based Test Overall Score: 580, TWE: 4; Michigan English Language Assessment Battery (MELAB) score of 85, with no part score below 80; Cambridge English Proficiency/Certificate of Proficiency in English (CPE): 76 (with at least 22 in each component and 32 in the writing component).

For international students

Two routes of entry are available:

Track A:

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Direct entry is available for highly qualified BSc graduates having completed the Pathobiology Specialist program or an appropriate undergraduate program in the life sciences from a recognized university with a minimum A average in the final two years and relevant research experience. These students are encouraged to apply directly to the PhD program.

Track B: ​MSc graduates and applicants with an MD, DDS, DVM (or equivalent) degree are eligible for t​he PhD program. An A– average or higher is required in graduate courses or in an appropriate BSc program if there were no course requirements in the MSc program.

International English Language Testing System (IELTS): The minimum requirement is an overall band of 6.5, with no band below 6.0.

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL): The minimum scores required for the different TOEFL tests are:

Internet-based Test:

Minimum Requirement: total score of 100 + 22 on Writing

Discretionary Range: total score 89-99 +19 - 21 on Writing

Cambridge Assessment English C1: Advanced or C2: Proficiency: A minimum overall score of 180, with at least 170 in each component.

Canadian Academic English Language Assessment (CAEL): The minimum score required to meet our English facility requirement is an overall score of 70 and no part below 60.

Canadian Test of English for Scholars and Trainees (CanTEST): The minimum requirement is a total score of 4.5, and no part below 4.

*There may be different IELTS requirements depending on your chosen course.

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