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PhD - Doctor of Philosophy in Ecology By Research




What will I learn?

Research in the field of ecology involves holistic studies to observe interactions among individuals/species with other existing biotic components as well as abiotic factors. Furthermore, this field of study utilises trans-disciplinary approaches where by research in this area is integrated with other branches of Biology and other science fields (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics) in order to explain the findings. Basically, the strength of Ecology as a research field is based on studies in marine, freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems. Among the core sub-research areas are ecotoxicology, coastal ecochemistry, tropical forest ecology, vermicology, mycology, phycology, ichthyology, epidemiology, marine ecology, wildlife ecology, seagrass ecology, malacology, entomology, parasitology, limnology and oceanography. All research is conducted either in the field, the laboratory, or both. Use of high precision analytical equipment's such as AAS, GC, GC-MS, HPLC, high resolution camera microscopes and others further aids researchers in retrieving solid and precise evidence related to their research.

Which department am I in?

Faculty of Science

Study options

Full Time (2 years - 5 years)

Tuition fees
1st semester: RM 7,212.50; 2nd-4th semesters: RM 5,262.50; 5th-6th semesters: RM 4,700; 7th and subsequent semesters: RM 5,200; Cost for max 4 years: RM 42,800; Cost for max 5 years: RM 53,200
Start date

Expected February, September 2023


Universiti Putra Malaysia



43400, Malaysia

Entry requirements

For students from United States

The applicant should possess: a Master Degree (with coursework) in a relevant field with a minimum grade average of B, or a Master Degree with thesis in a relevant field, or an outstanding Bachelor’s degree with a minimum CGPA of 3.750 (such an applicant may apply direct admission even without a Master Degree). Admission into the programme is subject to any other requirement specified by the Faculty/Institute. An applicant from a local public university who is in the final semester of his undergraduate study programme may be considered for provisional admission provided his current CGPA or its equivalent satisfies the graduate programme admission requirements. English Language Requirements: International English Language Testing Service (IELTS) Band 6.0; Test of English as Foreign Language (TOEFL), Paper Based - 550; 400 for Band 4.0 only for Malay language, Arabic, Chinese Literature, internet-based test (IBT)- 79-80.

For international students

Master degree with thesis in the same field applied

Master degree with thesis in a related field applied

Master degree without thesis

An outstanding Bachelor's degree with minimum CGPA 3.750 or equivalent to a First Class degree.

For applicants with one of the following

550 for the TOEFL Paper-based Test (Academic Version); or

Band 6.0 for IELTS (Academic Training); or

79-80 for TOEFL Internet-based Test (Academic Version); or

Level 109 for CIEP at ELS Language Centre; or

Any English Language Test which is equivalent to B2 in Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR)


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